[Logo] What I’ve Learned 2

What I’ve learned past few days is Bitmap and Vector Images
Bitmap images are called raster images and it uses a  rectangular grid of picture elements (pixels) to represent images.

  • Gifs JPEG are bitmapped formats
  • bitmaps assign colours pixel by pixel
  • bitmap images are resolution-dependent.
  • Bitmaps are composed of individuals pixels they tend to scale poorly.

while Vector images are not created pixel by pixel

  • vector images are not resolution- dependent.
  • great for visual elements, such as logos, that will be used at various sizes.
  • Vector images, scale well, because they rely on mathematical equations to determine their appearance

I’ve also learned about colour management. These devices all have a limited colour gamut. Colour gamut refers to the range of colours a device displays.

RGB colour – red, green and blue light. RGB tends to be better at bright colours like those in a neon sign and less adept with dull colours (black and some pastels)

CMYK – cyan, magenta, yellow and black. CMYK tends to be better at pastels and pure black.

Colours might vary for one of the following reasons.

  • Differences in image sources whether the image is from a camera or scanned inn.
  • The way software applications define colour.
  • Choice of print media. for examples, new print paper reproduces a small quality paper.
  • Natural variations between devices – monitors differ based on manufacturer and monitor age.

I’ve learned monitor profiles. they describe how the monitor is currently reproducing colour. It has 2 types of device

  • Input device profiles – describe what colour an input device is capable of capturing or scanning.
  • Output device profiles – describe the colour space of output devices such as desktop printer or a printing process.

I’ve also learned about the options & tools and there’s a lot of it.

Painting  tools has 4 tools.

  • Brush tool
  • Pencil tool
  • Mixer brush tool
  • Pattern Stamp tool

Selection tools has 3 tools

  • Quick selection and magic wand tools
  • Marquee tools
  • Lasso Tools

Marquee tools also has 3 types

  • Rectangular
  • Elliptical Marquee
  • Single Row or Single coumn

Lasso Tools has 3 tools again

  • Lasso selection tool
  • Polygonal Lasso Tool
  • Magnetic Lasso Tool

Setting brush options has 4 types

  • Tool preset picker
  • Brush preset picker
  • Mode
  • Opacity

Brush only options has 2 types

  • Flow
  • Airbrush mode

Pencil only

  • Auto erase

Mixer brush only options has 6 types

  • Current brush load swatch
  • Preset pop-up menu
  • Wet
  • Load
  • Mix-Control
  • Sample All Layers

Standard brush tip options has 8 types

  • Diameter (size)
  • Use sample size
  • Flip X
  • Flip Y
  • Angle
  • Roundness
  • Hardness
  • Spacing

Bristle tip option has 7 types

  • Shape
  • Bristles
  • Length
  • Thickness
  • Angle
  • Spacing

Options available from the refine edge dialog box

  • View mode
  • Refine radius and erase refinements tool
  • Smart Radius
  • Radius
  • Smooth
  • Feather
  • Contrast
  • Shift Edge
  • Decontaminate colours
  • Amount
  • Output to

[Logo] What I’ve Learned

I’ve learned the design principles past few days.

Design Principle are ways in which elements are used together.

  • Movement – Movement is the use of lines, colour, and repetition to create the illusion of motion.
  • Balance – Balance is the act of comparing or estimating two things, one against the other and the contrast between: empty space (white space) , filled space, text and images, colour and no colours and different colours, texture against flat colours.
  • Emphasis – To express with particular stress or force
  • Unity – The correct balance of composition or colour that produces  a harmonious effect.

Without these, the design will become a mess and people or your target audience will not going to understand your key theme.

I’ve also learned that design elements are the building blocks of graphics.

  • Line – lines can be straight or curved.
  • Shape – shapes are enclosed object that can be created by line or created by colour and values changes that define their edges
  • Colour – there is lot of information about colours, so I’m gonna list them below.

Colour Definitions
-Hue is another word for colour
– Chroma is the intensity of pourity of colour
– Tint is a colour mixed with white
– Tone is a colour mixed with gray
– Shade is a colour mixed with black

Colour in Design
– use colour to label or show hierarchy
– use colour to represent or imitate reality
– use colour to unify, separate, or emphasise
– use colour to decorate
– use colour consistently

Colour Wheels 
– Analogous colours: are adjacent to each other o the colour wheel.
– Complementary colours: are opposite each other on the colour wheel

  • Texture – is the surface look of an object created by varying dark and light areas.

This elements gave life to your design and can catch people’s attention easily.